10 Best AI Programming Languages To Know in 2024

This guide explores the top 10 programming languages you need to know in 2024 to dominate your tech skillset. This comprehensive guide is your launchpad to a thriving career in artificial intelligence.
10 Best AI Programming Languages To Know in 2024
10 Best AI Programming Languages To Know in 2024

AI is now a part of our daily lives, from voice assistants on our phones to self-driving cars. As we continue to advance in technology, the demand for AI programmers is also increasing. In 2024, the use of AI is expected to become even more prevalent, making it crucial for developers to have a strong foundation in AI programming.

In this guide, we will explore the top 10 AI programming languages to master in 2024. Whether you are a beginner or an experienced programmer, learning these languages will give you an edge in the job market and open up exciting opportunities for your career.

According to a survey conducted by JetBrains, these are the top 10 AI programming languages that are highly in demand:

Let's dive into each language and understand why it is important for AI development

AI Programming Basics

Before diving into the list of top AI programming languages, let's first understand what AI programming is all about. AI programming involves coding algorithms and machine learning models to mimic human intelligence and perform tasks that usually require human intervention. It requires a combination of mathematical, logical, and computational skills to develop AI programs.

Advanced AI Development Languages

While there are many programming languages used in AI development, some are more widely used and considered more effective than others. We have narrowed down the list to the top 10 AI programming languages that are expected to be in high demand in 2024.

Machine Learning Coding Languages

Machine learning is a subset of AI that involves teaching machines to learn from data and improve their performance without being explicitly programmed. The following languages are essential for machine learning projects and will be highly sought after in 2024.

Top 10 AI Programming Languages

1. Java

Java, renowned for its portability, scalability, and robustness, is a top choice for AI development, especially in large-scale enterprise applications. Mastering Java by 2024 is crucial for various reasons. Its platform independence, facilitated by the Java Virtual Machine (JVM), enables cross-platform AI app development without recompilation, vital as AI apps integrate across hardware environments.

Java's strong community, along with frameworks for deep learning and Weka for data mining, streamlines advanced AI development. With a focus on security and seamless data handling, Java excels in finance, banking, and healthcare sectors. Mastering Java equips developers for future AI languages, keeping them in demand in tech's ever-changing landscape.

2. Python

Python has gained its reputation as the leading language for AI programming thanks to its user-friendly syntax and robust libraries. Its versatility shines in a wide range of AI applications, such as natural language processing, computer vision, and data analysis.

By using powerful libraries like TensorFlow and PyTorch, Python emerges as the premier selection for machine learning endeavors. Its simplicity and readability not only cater to beginners but also foster a conducive learning environment for aspiring AI enthusiasts.

3. R

R is a popular language for data analysis and visualization, making it an excellent choice for AI projects that involve handling large datasets. Its extensive library of statistical functions and packages like ggplot2 for data visualization make it a powerful language for machine learning.

In 2024, R will continue to be in demand due to its efficient handling of big data, especially in industries such as finance and healthcare. Its statistical capabilities also make it a top choice for data scientists, who play an essential role in AI development.

4. C++

C++ is a powerful language often used in advanced AI projects that require high-performance computing, such as robotics and game development. With its low-level control over hardware resources, it allows developers to optimize their code for maximum efficiency, making it ideal for applications that require real-time responses.

With the rise of AI in robotics and gaming, mastering C++ will prove to be a valuable skill in 2024 and beyond. Its speed and performance capabilities also make it a popular choice for developing AI algorithms and models.

5. JavaScript

JavaScript, known for its use in web development, is also a top choice for AI programming. With the rise of chatbots and virtual assistants powered by natural language processing (NLP), JavaScript's versatility and ability to integrate with other languages make it an essential tool for AI developers.

In 2024, we can expect to see more applications of JavaScript in developing NLP-based AI solutions, making it a valuable language to learn for those interested in this field.

6. Scala

Scala, a relatively new language, has gained popularity in the world of AI due to its seamless integration with Java and its functional programming capabilities. Its concise syntax and support for parallel processing make it well-suited for developing AI algorithms.

In addition, Scala's compatibility with Apache Spark, an open-source framework for big data processing, makes it a sought-after language in industries that rely on big data for AI development.

7. Swift

Swift, developed by Apple, is a general-purpose language that has gained traction in the world of AI programming. With its powerful and intuitive syntax, it is often used in developing machine learning models for iOS applications.

In 2024, we can expect to see more opportunities for AI developers with knowledge of Swift as the demand for AI-powered iOS apps continues to grow.

8. Julia

Julia is a relatively new language that has gained attention in recent years due to its fast execution and easy integration with other languages like Python and R. It is often used for developing high-performance machine learning models and simulations, making it popular among data scientists and researchers.

In 2024, we can expect to see an increase in the demand for Julia as more industries begin to harness its capabilities for AI development.


MATLAB is a technical computing language often used by engineers and scientists for data analysis and simulation. Its powerful library of mathematical functions makes it ideal for developing advanced AI algorithms.

In 2024, industries such as healthcare, finance, and aerospace are expected to continue utilizing MATLAB for their AI projects, making it a valuable language to learn for those interested in these fields.

10. Lisp

Lisp is one of the oldest functional programming languages and has been used in AI development since its early days. Its powerful capabilities in symbolic expressions make it well-suited for developing intelligent systems and applications.

In 2024, Lisp is expected to remain relevant in the field of AI as its unique features continue to be utilized in developing cutting-edge technologies. Its popularity may also see a resurgence with the rise of new AI techniques such as reinforcement learning and evolutionary algorithms.

In Summary

AI development requires a diverse set of skills and knowledge, and the choice of programming language plays a crucial role in the success of these projects. In this ever-evolving field, it's essential for developers to stay updated on the latest languages and tools to remain competitive.

Languages such as Java, Python, R, C++, JavaScript, Scala, Swift, Julia, MATLAB, and Lisp are just some of the top choices for AI programming in 2024. However, with the rapid advancements in AI technology, we can expect to see even more languages being utilized in this field in the future. As such, continuous learning and adaptation will be essential for developers to thrive in this exciting and dynamic industry.

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